International Journal of Hematology

DOI: 10.1007/s12185-009-0268-7 Pages: 352-358

Monosomies 7p and 12p and FLT3 internal tandem duplication: possible markers for diagnosis of T/myeloid biphenotypic acute leukemia and its clonal evolution

1. Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Department of Molecular Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medical Science

2. Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Department of Molecular Laboratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science

Correspondence to:
Yosuke Matsumoto
Tel: +81-75-2515740
Fax: +81-75-2515743
Email: yosuke-m@koto.kpu-m.ac.jp

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Abstract

Biphenotypic acute leukemia co-expressing T-lymphoid and myeloid markers is rare, accounting for less than 1% of acute leukemias. However, several clinical characteristics including male predominance, frequent lymphadenopathy and unfavorable outcome have been identified. Recurrence of monosomies 7p and/or 12p in T/myeloid biphenotypic acute leukemia has been reported. We treated a patient with T/myeloid biphenotypic acute leukemia showing clonal chromosomal and genetic abnormalities including dic(7;12)(p11;p11) and Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3)-internal tandem duplication. Cytogenetic analysis of both bone marrow and lymph node cells disclosed that the patient’s lymph node leukemia cells had chromosomal abnormalities in addition to dic(7;12). Our findings suggest that the leukemia cells of systemic lymphadenopathy had evolved as secondary cells from marrow leukemia cells. The patient was successfully treated with induction chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia followed by allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

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