International Journal of Hematology

DOI: 10.1007/s12185-016-2003-5 Pages: 216-222

Treatment of patients with immune thrombocytopenia admitted to the emergency room

1. Istanbul University, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine

2. Istanbul University, Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine

Correspondence to:
Muhlis Cem Ar
Tel: 90 532 681 88 90
Email: mcemar68@yahoo.com

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Abstract

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is the most frequent cause of acquired thrombocytopenia. In adult ITP patients, corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) are used as first-line treatment. The aim of the present study was to investigate retrospectively the demographic and etiologic characteristics of patients with ITP admitted to the emergency room at our hospital. Seventy-five adult patients with ITP were included, and demographic data, bleeding characteristics, etiologic features and responses to treatments were evaluated retrospectively. Fifty-six patients (75 %) were female, and the median age was 43 years. Eighteen patients had a history of ITP, whereas in 57, thrombocytopenia was identified for the first time. During admission, the median platelet count was 5 × 109/L. Cutaneous and/or mucosal bleeding was the most common clinical feature. High-dose dexamethasone was administered in 60 episodes, whereas IVIg and conventional-dose methylprednisolone were used in nine and six episodes, respectively. The overall response rate of the entire cohort following first-line treatments was 67 %, and complete remission was achieved in 31 patients, 19 patients achieved partial remission, and 25 patients were non-responders. In cases with life-threatening bleeding, concomitant infection, post-traumatic bleeding and need for emergency surgery, IVIg can be used as the first line of treatment option in addition to platelet transfusions.

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