International Journal of Hematology

DOI: 10.1007/s12185-016-2172-2 Pages: 598-605

Mouse immune thrombocytopenia is associated with Th1 bias and expression of activating Fcγ receptors

1. Keio University School of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine

2. Nippon Medical School Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Allergy and Rheumatology

Correspondence to:
Masataka Kuwana
Tel: +81-3-5802-8658
Email: kuwanam@nms.ac.jp

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Abstract

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disease mediated by anti-platelet autoantibodies. We recently established a mouse ITP model exhibiting regulatory T-cell (Treg) deficiency, although only one-third of the Treg-deficient mice developed ITP. To clarify mechanisms involved in the emergence of platelet-specific autoimmunity in this model, we examined the T helper (Th)-cell balance and macrophage Fcγ receptor (FcγR) expression profiles in Treg-deficient mice with and without ITP. Splenocytes from both populations of Treg-deficient mice and control BALB/c mice were subjected to flow cytometry-based analyses to evaluate Th cell subset proportions and the expression of activating and inhibitory FcγRs on macrophages. In addition, IgG subclass distribution of anti-platelet autoantibodies in splenocyte culture supernatants was determined by flow cytometry using IgG subclass-specific antibodies. Treg-deficient ITP mice exhibited a significantly higher proportion of Th1 cells than either Treg-deficient non-ITP or control mice. The predominant anti-platelet autoantibody subclasses in the ITP mice were Th1-associated IgG2a and IgG2b. Furthermore, the FcγRI/FcγRIIB expression ratio in splenic macrophages was higher in the Treg-deficient ITP than in the Treg-deficient non-ITP and control mice. In summary, Th1 polarization and macrophages’ activating FcγR expression profile are associated with the development of ITP in Treg-deficient mice.

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