International Journal of Hematology

DOI: 10.1007/s12185-017-2226-0 Pages: 345-356

DNA damage response and hematological malignancy

1. Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Department of Pediatrics and Developmental Biology

Correspondence to:
Masatoshi Takagi
Tel: +81-3-5803-4705
Email: m.takagi.ped@tmd.ac.jp

Close

Abstract

DNA damage is a serious threat to cellular homeostasis. Damaged DNA leads to genomic instability, mutation, senescence, and/or cell death. DNA damage triggers a cellular response called the DNA damage response (DDR), followed by activation of the DNA repair machinery. DDR both maintains cellular homeostasis and prevents cancer development. Germ line mutation of DDR-associated genes can lead to cancer-susceptible syndromes. Somatic mutation of DDR-associated genes has also been reported in various tumors, including hematological malignancies. Therapeutic approaches that target the DDR and DNA repair are thus now being developed. Understanding the mechanism(s) underlying DDR and DNA repair will increase our knowledge of cancer etiology and facilitate development of cancer therapies.

This article is freely available, click here to access the full text/PDF

Share the Knowledge