To investigate clinical characteristics and outcomes of transplantation in AML patients with FLT3-ITD/DNMT3A double mutation, we retrospectively analyzed 206 Chinese patients with AML after Sanger sequencing. Our analysis showed that AML patients with FLT3-ITD and DNMT3A R882 mutations had a higher white blood cell count and a lower complete remission (CR) rate after first induction chemotherapy. All 206 patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in status of CR. These results indicate that AML patients with FLT3-ITD and DNMT3A R882 double mutation show a higher 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), lower 2-year overall survival (OS) rate, and lower 2-year leukocyte-free survival (LFS) after allo-HSCT. The univariate and multivariate analyses confirmed that disease status prior to transplantation, FLT3-ITD, FLT3-ITD, and DNMT3A R882 double mutation were independent factors for poor prognosis after allo-HSCT. In summary, the present cohort study demonstrated that FLT3-ITD and DNMT3A R882 double mutation predicts poor prognosis in Chinese AML patients receiving chemotherapy or allo-HSCT treatment.
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