We present the interim results of a postmarketing all-case surveillance study in patients with C–C chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4)-positive, relapsed or refractory adult T-cell leukemia–lymphoma (ATL) treated with the anti-CCR4 monoclonal antibody mogamulizumab since its 2012 launch in Japan. The safety and efficacy analysis populations comprised 484 and 442 patients, respectively. The ATL subtype was acute in 58.9% and lymphoma in 34.2% of patients. All patients were scheduled to receive intravenous infusions of mogamulizumab (1.0 mg/kg) once weekly for eight weeks, alone or in combination with other modalities. Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were reported in 74.0% of patients, of which 35.7% were serious and 6.2% were fatal. The priority survey items of infusion-related reaction, skin disorder, infection, immune disorder, and tumor lysis syndrome were reported in 29.3, 34.3, 22.1, 3.5, and 2.5% of patients, respectively. Graft-versus-host disease was reported in 25/42 patients who received mogamulizumab before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The best overall response rate was 57.7% overall, 57.5% in patients treated with mogamulizumab alone, and 58.2% in patients treated with combination therapy. This surveillance indicates that mogamulizumab shows acceptable tolerability in practice; however, because of the risk of serious/fatal ADRs, patients administered mogamulizumab should be carefully monitored.
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