International Journal of Hematology

DOI: 10.1007/s12185-017-2342-x Pages: 235-243

Fluconazole versus mould-active triazoles for primary antifungal prophylaxis in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: clinical outcome and cost-effectiveness analysis

1. The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Department of Pharmacy

2. Xi’an Jiaotong University, Hou Zonglian Medical Class of 2014

3. The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Department of Hematology

Correspondence to:
Weihua Dong
Tel: +86-29-85323241



This study evaluated the clinical and cost-effectiveness of prophylactic use of fluconazole versus mould-active triazoles (voriconazole and posaconazole) in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). A decision analytical model was developed with inputs from a 7-year retrospective study (2009–2016) of 103 consecutive adult patients with ALL who received antifungal prophylaxis. Information on the administration of antifungal agents, clinical outcomes, and costs were collected. One-way sensitivity analyses and probabilistic sensitivity analysis were performed. The mould-active triazoles group was associated with higher life-years (3.71 vs 3.59) and lower total costs (US$4886 vs US$5722) per patient compared with fluconazole. One-way sensitivity analyses revealed that varying all of the key variables in the model did not affect the robustness of the results. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis demonstrated that mould-active triazoles had a probability of 77.1 and 90.1% of providing a dominant and cost-effective option relative to fluconazole, respectively. Mould-active triazoles should be regarded as preferable to fluconazole as the first-line prophylactic for adult patients with ALL accompanied by uncommon severe vinca alkaloid-induced neurotoxicity. However, the results reported here should be interpreted with caution owing to the observational nature of the data.

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