We consecutively examined the utility of measurements of percentage of immature platelet fraction (IPF%) and absolute IPF number (A-IPF) in predicting thrombopoietic recovery in 15 adult patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). Four patients were excluded from the evaluation due to insufficient data. Platelet count and IPF were measured by Sysmex XN-1000 (XN), a newer generation analyzer. First, we confirmed that platelet count measured by XN was more accurate than by XE-2100 (XE). IPF measurement was effective to predict the recovery in 7 of the 11 patients examined. Moreover, IPF measurement, especially IPF% measurement, suggested accelerated platelet turnover in two patients who failed to achieve platelet recovery by day 60. In addition to IPF%, A-IPF showed a complementary role on the prediction of thrombopoietic recovery. The increase in IPF% was only transient, while A-IPF values showed lasting increase during platelet recovery. In two patients (cases 6 and 7) an increase in A-IPF, but not in IPF%, was observed during platelet recovery. Our data suggest that IPF% and A-IPF measured by XN are useful for the prediction of thrombopoietic recovery and the assessment of pathogenesis of thrombocytopenia in patients after allo-SCT.
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