Patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) were given the option to be treated at home during the pancytopenic phase. Daily visits by a nurse and phone calls from a physician from the unit were part of the protocol. During almost two decades, 252 patients with haematological malignancies and non-malignant disorders were included. Median age was 47 (range 0–72) years. Myeloablative conditioning was given to 102 patients and reduced intensity to 150. Donors were matched unrelated (n = 160), HLA-identical siblings (n = 71), or HLA-mismatched (n = 21). Cumulative incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 35% and that of chronic GVHD was 46%. Non-relapse mortality was 14% 10 years after HSCT. In patients with haematological malignancies (n = 229), the 10-year probability of relapse was 34%. No patients died at home. Overall survival was 59% and relapse-free survival was 50% after 10 years. We conclude that patients treated at home after HSCT have an encouraging long-term outcome.
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