Lymphoma is a large group of lymphoid hematopoietic malignancies including Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The various subtypes of lymphoma are different in clinical features, response to treatment and prognoses. The relative frequency of specific subtypes of lymphoma varies geographically. The mature T cell lymphoma is much more common in East Asia compared with Western countries. Chemotherapy plays an important role in the treatment of lymphoma. With advances in understanding the biology and genetics of lymphoma, many new agents are used in the treatment of lymphoma. In mainland China, some new agents and new combination chemotherapy regimens showed high efficacy and good tolerability. Chidamide, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, has been approved for the treatment of relapsed or refractory peripheral T cell lymphoma by the China Food and Drug Administration. Anti-programmed death 1 antibodies and chimeric antigen receptor-engineered T cells have been explored for lymphoma immunotherapy in Chinese patients. Advances in the treatment have substantially increased the likelihood of cure for patients with lymphoma.
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