International Journal of Hematology

DOI: 10.1007/s12185-018-2421-7 Pages: 673-680

Mutational subtypes of JAK2 and CALR correlate with different clinical features in Japanese patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms

1. Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Hematology

2. Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Transfusion Medicine and Stem Cell Regulation

Correspondence to:
Norio Komatsu
Tel: 81(3)3813-3111
Email: komatsun@juntendo.ac.jp

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Abstract

The majority of patients with Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) harbor JAK2, CALR, or MPL mutations. We compared clinical manifestations of different subtypes of JAK2 and CALR mutations in Japanese patients with MPNs. Within our cohort, we diagnosed 166 patients as polycythemia vera (PV), 212 patients as essential thrombocythemia (ET), 23 patients as pre-primary myelofibrosis (PMF), 65 patients as overt PMF, and 27 patients as secondary myelofibrosis following the 2016 WHO criteria. Compared to patients with JAK2V617F-mutated PV, JAK2 exon 12-mutated PV patients were younger, showed lower white blood cell (WBC) counts, lower platelet counts, higher red blood cell counts, and higher frequency of thrombotic events. Compared to JAK2-mutated ET patients, CALR-mutated ET patients were younger, showed lower WBC counts, lower hemoglobin levels, higher platelet counts, and fewer thrombotic events. CALR type 1-like mutation was the dominant subtype in CALR-mutated overt PMF patients. Compared with JAK2V617F-mutated ET patients, JAK2V617F-mutated pre-PMF patients showed higher LDH levels, lower hemoglobin levels, higher JAK2V617F allele burden, and higher frequency of splenomegaly. In conclusion, Japanese patients with MPNs grouped by different mutation subtypes exhibit characteristics similar to those of their Western counterparts. In addition, ET and pre-PMF patients show different characteristics, even when restricted to JAK2V617F-mutated patients.

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