International Journal of Hematology

DOI: 10.1007/s12185-019-02742-7 Pages: 690-698

TERT and JAK2 polymorphisms define genetic predisposition to myeloproliferative neoplasms in Japanese patients

1. Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, Hematological Sciences and Therapeutics

2. Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Division of Clinical Laboratory Sciences

Correspondence to:
Toshiaki Yujiri
Tel: +81-836-222837
Email: yujirit@yamaguchi-u.ac.jp

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Abstract

Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), including polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF), are often characterized by specific somatic mutations in any of the three genes: JAK2, CALR, or MPL. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs2736100, in the reverse transcriptase gene (TERT) and a germline JAK2 46/1 haplotype have been associated with MPNs in North American and European patients. We examined 201 Japanese MPN patients, including 52 with PV, 131 with ET, and 18 with PMF, as well as 366 control individuals for TERT rs2736100 and JAK2 rs10974944, a tagging SNP of the 46/1 haplotype. Furthermore, correlations between the JAK2 V617F allele burden at diagnosis and TERT rs2736100 or JAK2 rs10974944 were evaluated using a digital PCR assay for accurate quantitation. The JAK2 46/1 haplotype, but not the TERT rs2736100 SNP, was correlated to the JAK2 V617F mutant allele burden in JAK2 V617F-positive MPN patients. In conclusion, we demonstrated that both TERT rs2736100_C and JAK2 46/1 haplotype are predisposing factors for MPNs in Japanese patients. While TERT rs2736100_C tended to have a more general, non-specific effect on all MPNs, the JAK2 46/1 haplotype was essentially predisposed to the JAK2 V617F-positive MPNs.

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